Moderated by Donald Houessou
Governments are challenged to respond to the urgency of their citizens’ needs and to be more accountable to them. All over the world, tight budgets and new scarcities are casting their shadows within a changing international environment. This, combined with an increasingly demanding public, is putting governments under growing pressure to show that they are providing good value for money. More and more, they are challenged to be transparent and to demonstrate results (World Bank 2009). The focus on results makes “management for development results” (MfDR) central to the entire aid effectiveness agenda. It means that stakeholders push partner country governments and donor agencies to demonstrate results – in other words, the effectiveness of aid. It means that donors and recipients oblige each other to demonstrate that they are meeting their commitments and promises. The accountability of partner country governments and donor agencies to their respective publics is complemented by mutual accountability between donors and recipients (World Bank 2009). The Paris Declaration in 2005 and the Accra Agenda in 2008 put emphasis on mutual accountability and encouraged partners countries and donors to enhance mutual accountability and transparency in the use of development resources.
In Africa, various visions on development have been propounded and implemented during the last fifty years by Africans leaders (Buira, 2004). However, there was intensive debate over the way these leaders were accountable of the results achieved to their citizens. For instance, Africa is usually described as a continent where the problem of accountability remains stark. In recent years, African countries have been implementing Agenda 2063 and the Sustainable Development Goals for which there is a consensus that accountability should be led by local and national mechanisms.
This online discussion aims to gather information from the MfDR community on how African countries are dealing with accountability and partnership especially, with the African emerging development realities. Your views and comments on these discussions are critical in enhancing accountability mechanisms so that the development agenda respond to the needs of African people. Please join us by responding to the following key questions:
- How is Accountability and Partnership understood in the context of African development?
- Comment whether the existing formal mechanisms of accountability are sufficient to ensure government and development partners are accountable to each other?
- What are alternative options that could better address the challenges facing accountability and partnership in African development?